The Victoria Cross (VC)
The Victoria Cross
Only 96 have been awarded to Australians since the Victoria Crosss inception in by Queen Victoria in January of 1856.
Of these 28 where conferred posthumously. This number includes 6 awarded to Australians while on service with other than Australian units.
The breakdown by service
is as follows; Australian Army - 89, Royal Australian Air Force - 1, South African
Constabulary - 1, British Army - 3, Royal Air Force - 2.
The first awarded to an Australian was to Capt Neville Reginald Howse of the NSW Army Medical Corps during the Boer War on 24th July 1900
The last awarded to an Australian was to Keith Payne of The Australian Army Training Team - Vietnam (AATTV) on 24th May 1969
Instituted in1856 by Queen Victoria by Warrant made retrospective to 1854.
Claus Five of the Warrant sets forth:-
"The Cross would only be awarded to those Officers and Men who have served Us in the presence of the enemy and shall then have performed some signal act of Valour or Devotion to their country."
Claus Six of the Warrant sets forth:-
"that neither rank nor long service nor wounds nor any other circumstances or condition whatsoever save the merit of conspicuous bravery shall be held to establish a sufficient claim for the honour."
Of the 1349 award of The Victoria Cross, 96 have been Ausralians
On January 15 1991 The
Queen instituted the Victoria Cross for Australia. The decoration is the highest
that can be awarded to a person in wartime. It is awarded to a person who, in
the presence of the enemy, performs acts of the most conspicuous gallantry,
or daring or pre-eminent acts of valour or self-sacrifice or display extreme
devotion to duty. It may be awarded posthumously. None have been awarded since
Victoria Cross Citations
Last Updated 22 February, 2009